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Best IAS Coaching for UPSC Civil Services Preparation

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About Civil Services IAS/UPSC

The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) among others. Due to the importance and nature of such civil/public service jobs, UPSC takes utmost care in selecting the right people.

Civil Services Examination is widely known as one of the most difficult and coveted examinations in India, that demands highly active studies and focus. To understand the 3 distinctive stages of the exam, it is important for the aspirant to understand the syllabus thoroughly.

However, different stages of the IAS exam have different syllabus.

The UPSC Prelims Syllabus focuses on general and societal awareness which is tested by objective-type (MCQ) questions.

The UPSC Mains Syllabus is much more comprehensive as this stage comprises nine theory papers,

The Final Interview Stages tests the overall personality of the candidate by the competent board members.

To know more about UPSC, please view this link

How to apply?

Candidates are required to apply online using the website Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the above mentioned website.

Note: The applicants are advised to submit only single application; however, if due to any unavoidable situation, if he/she submits another/multiple applications, then he/she must ensure that application with the higher RID is complete in all respects like applicants’ details, examination centre, photograph, signature, fee etc. The applicants who are submitting multiple applications should note that only the applications with higher RID (Registration ID) shall be entertained by the Commission and fee paid against one RID shall not be adjusted against any other RID.

All candidates, whether already in Government Service, Government owned industrial undertakings or other similar organizations or in private employment should submit their applications direct to the Commission.

Persons already in Government Service, whether in a permanent or temporary capacity or as work charged employees other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under the Public Enterprises are however, required submitting an undertaking that they have informed in writing their Head of Office/Department that they have applied for the Examination.

Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from their employer by the Commission withholding permission to the candidates applying for/appearing at the examination, their application will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

Services Through Civil Services Exam

The civil services in India are classified into two major categories — All-India services and Central services

All India Services:

All-India services are common to both Central and state governments and the members of these services occupy key positions under both the Centre and the states and serve them by turns.

There are three all-India services:

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • Indian Forest Service (IFoS) 

The all-India services are jointly controlled by the Central and state governments. However, the ultimate control lies with the Central government and any disciplinary action against these officers can only be taken by the Central government while the immediate control is vested in the state governments.

Central Services:

The officers of Central services work under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Central government. They hold specialized positions in various departments of the Central government. The Central services are further classified into two groups.


Currently, there is 60 group 'A' Central services. Some of them are:

  • IP&TAFS-Indian P&T Accounts & Finance Service
  • IAAS-Indian Audit and Account Service
  • IRS-Indian Revenue Service (C&CE)
  • IDAS-Indian Defence Account Service
  • IRS-Indian Revenue Service (IT)
  • IOFS-Indian Ordinance Factories Service
  • IPOS-Indian Postal Service
  • ICAS-Indian Civil Accounts Service
  • ASC (RPF)-Assistant Security Commissione
  • IDES-Indian Defence Estate Service
  • IIS-Indian Information Service
  • ITS-Indian Trade Service
  • ICLS-Indian Corporate Law Service

Among all, the most prestigious and highest central service in terms of status, pay, and emoluments are the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). Though it is a central service, it comes next to the IAS in ranking and its pay scale is higher than the IPS. It competes with the All-India services in position, status, and pay scales.

Most of the cadres of Central services group A have also corresponding group B services. The Central services group C consists of clerical personnel and group D consists of manual personnel. Therefore, Group A and B are comprised of gazetted officers and Group C and D are non-gazetted.


Some of the examples of the Group 'B' Services are

  • AFHCS-Armed Force HQ Civil Service
  • DANICS-Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
  • DANIPS-Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
  • PCS-Pondicherry Civil Service
  • PPA-Pondicherry Police Service

The process of recruitment of the Central Civil Services is made through the Civil & Engineering Services Examination of UPSC and the Combined Graduate Level Examination of Staff Selection Commission (SSC).

UPSC Exam Eligibility Criteria

For Indian administrative service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service:

  • A candidate must be a citizen of India.

For other services:

  • A candidate must be a citizen of India/ Nepal/Bhutan.
  • A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January 1962 to permanently settle in India. or
  • If you are from Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, or other above-mentioned countries (having the intention of permanently settling in India), knowing only the fact that you are eligible for such coveted posts will boost your confidence, and surely, you would not want to miss this chance.

If you are from Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, or other above-mentioned countries (having the intention of permanently settling in India), knowing only the fact that you are eligible for such coveted posts will boost your confidence and surely, you would not want to miss this chance.

Many youngsters from such countries live in India yet are unaware of this golden opportunity in their way.

By studying the job profiles, you are eligible for, you can choose one dream job that you’re passionate about and it will motivate you in your hard times throughout the UPSC journey.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

Age Limit

A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August, 2019. Upper age limit is fixed different for different categories, which is as given below:

  • Upper age limit for General category: 32 years.
  • Upper age limit for OBC: 35 years.
  • Upper age limit for SC/ST: 37 Years.
  • Upper age limit for Defense Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof: 35 years.
  • Upper age limit for Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service: 37 years.
  • Upper age limit for blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons (general category): 42 years.

Apart from the mentioned limits, OBC/ SC/ ST candidates will get the benefit of cumulative age relaxation. This means age relaxations gets added in special cases, say, for example, if the person is OBC + Ex-service men, he will get an extension of 5 + 7 = 12 years, ie his upper age limit now stands at 42 years.

Minimum Educational Qualification

The candidate must hold a degree, or possess an equivalent qualification to fulfill the eligibility criteria for IAS. Your degree should be recognised either by an act of parliament or state legislature or University Grants Commission. To bring socio-economic balance in our society, the government encourages women to apply for CSE in large numbers.

Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear for the Preliminary Examination.

Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination.

The UPSC may in exceptional cases treat a candidate without the foregoing requisite qualification as an eligible candidate if he/she has passed an examination conducted by other institutions, the standard of which justifies his / her admission in the opinion of the Commission.

Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognised by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees can also appear for Civil Services Examination.

Number Of Attempts

Every candidate appearing at the examination, who is otherwise eligible shall be permitted six attempts at the examination.

Category Number of attempts
Candidates belonging to General Category Shall be permitted 6 attempts at the examination
Candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes (who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates) Shall be permitted 9 attempts at the examination
Candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes No restriction on number of attempts. Thus, candidates belonging to SC/ST can give all attempts uptill the eligible age limit.
In case of physically handicapped candidates (relaxation will be available to the physically handicapped candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates) They will get as many attempts as are available to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or her community, subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidate belonging to the General Category shall be eligible for nine attempts.
Physically Handicapped Age Critegia & Number of Attempts
Category Age Limit (Min. Age - Max. Age) Number of Attempts
General 21-42 years Nine
OBC 21-42 years Nine
SC/ST 21-47 years Any number of attempts till the age limit
Restrictions On Applying For Examination

A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination. In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Physical Standards

The UPSC prescribes some eligibility criteria for successful candidates to be appointed for service. There are some Physical standards for UPSC civil services, specifically for the technical services like the Indian Police Service (IPS), the Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS), Delhi Andaman and Nicobar Police Service (DANIPS), Pondicherry Police Service (PONDIPS), and the Railway Protection Force (RPF) such as height, weight, chest, etc. But the other non-technical services don’t require them and only some basic demands of physical health are mandatory to be satisfied by the candidates.
According to the Rule, 21 at Civil Services Examination prescribed by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) states that, “An applicant must be in a good mental and bodily health and free from any physical flaw which is likely to interfere with the discharge of his duties and responsibilities as an officer of the service.”

Below you can find the physical eligibility criteria for the UPSC exam:

  • There is no height, weight, and chest girth minimum requirement as such for candidates for the IAS, unlike the technical services. However, if the candidates’ measurements are disproportionate as regarded by the medical board, the candidates can be hospitalized for investigation and a chest X-ray can be taken. Please note the technical services have certain minimum requirements.
  • Candidates should have a proper vision in the eyes. Corrections permitted are spectacles, CL, and refractive surgery like LASIK, ICL, IOL, etc. Those who have myopia with macular degenerative changes will be declared unfit for service in the IAS. People with a squint in the eyes are fit for service. Night blindness is also not a ground for candidates to be declared unfit.
  • Blood pressure over 140/90 should be subjected to further testing in the hospital to ascertain whether the abnormal BP is temporary due to excitement, etc., and not an indication of any disease. Only candidates free from any complication of hypertension will be declared fit for service.
  • Only candidates free from any complication of diabetes mellitus will be declared fit for service.
  • The hearing ability of the candidate should be ‘good’ in each ear and he/she should also be free from any disease of the ear. In case of a defect, the candidate should be subjected to further tests to see if the defect can be remedied by a hearing aid or an operation.
  • Pregnant female candidates will be fit except for those services that require physical training. In such cases, the candidates will be declared fit after confinement.
  • Candidates’ teeth should be in ‘good order’.
  • The heart and lungs of the candidate should be fine.
  • There should not be any abdominal disease.
  • The feet, hands, and limbs are well-formed and there should be no restriction on joint movements.
  • There should not be any congenital malformation or defect.
  • There should not be any sign of acute or chronic disease indicating an impaired constitution.
  • Candidates should bear marks of efficient vaccination.
  • The candidates should not have any communicable diseases.
  • Candidates with grade I hemorrhoids are declared fit.
  • Diseases like hernia, varicose veins, hydrocele, hemorrhoids, etc. are declared temporarily unfit and should be declared fit after successful surgery.
  • Candidates with malignancies at the time of entry to service are declared unfit.
  • Candidates with transplanted organs are declared unfit. An exception is made only for a corneal transplant.
  • These were some of the criteria which will surely guide you in your UPSC journey. Now it's time for you to start as wise people believe that the early you start, the early you get results.
IAS-UPSC Exam Pattern

A candidate planning to prepare for CSE must get himself acquainted with the examination plan/pattern and its syllabus which would help him in getting an edge over others and in planning his preparation in a manner best suitable for him. A brief view of exam pattern and syllabus are as follows:

Union Public Service Commission conducts Civil Services Exam in 3 Phases:

  • Civil Services Preliminary Examination-Objective Type, for the selection of candidates for Main Examination.
  • Civil Services Main Examination-Written, for the selection of candidates for Interview.
  • Interview or Personality Test for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.
IAS Prelims Exam Pattern
Exam Mode Offline
Number of Papers 2- General Studies and Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)
Number of Questions Paper 1- 100; Paper 2- 80
Question Paper Type Multiple Choice Questions
IAS Prelims Total Marks 400
Nature of Exam Qualifying
Exam Duration 2 hours each, +20 minutes for blind students
Exam Language English and Hindi
  • Prelims examination consists of 2 compulsory papers - General Studies paper and (CSAT) Civil service aptitude test to test the analytical skills of the candidate.
  • All the questions in the prelims exam are objective in nature. So, the candidate has to choose any one option out of 4 answers given for each question.
  • Questions are in both Hindi and English language. However, comprehension questions in the English language in the CSAT paper are without Hindi translations.
  • The prelims exam is qualifying only. The cut-off of paper 'I' is decided by UPSC every year. The CSAT paper requires the candidates to score at least 33% i.e. 66 marks to qualify and to be able to sit for the Mains exam.
Marking Scheme of Prelims

The IAS Exam pattern is very important to understand to pass the prelims exam. Here is the marking scheme of prelims:

  • Every question in paper I is of 2 marks. So, the question paper is a total of 200 marks.
  • Every question in the Civil Service Aptitude Test carries 2.5 marks. So, the question paper is a total of 200 marks.
  • Also, for every wrong answer by the student, 0.33 marks will be deducted i.E. 0.66 will be deducted from paper I and 0.83 marks will be deducted from paper II.
  • If the candidate gives more than 1 answer, then it will be considered as wrong even if one of them is right.
  • Candidates must cross the cut-off marks in Paper I and a minimum of 33% score in Paper II to sit for the main exam.
Negative Marking

The Civil Services Exam (CSE) pattern is very different from other exams. Also, the candidates can easily get negative marking in the UPSC Exam. In other words, 3 incorrect answers will lead to around 2 marks deduction. In short, the candidate will get a 1/3rd mark deducted for incorrect answers. There is no negative marking for blank answers. Read everything about UPSC on its official website.

Paper Type No. of questions Marks Duration Negative Marks
General Studies I Objective 100 2*100 = 200 2 hours Yes, 0.66
General Studies II(CSAT) Objective 80 2.5*80 = 200 2 hours Yes, 0.83
Prelims Syllabus
Paper 1 (General Studies)
Total Marks: 200 & Duration: Two hours

This will test the student's knowledge and passion for learning about the country. Also, the questions are from various aspects like history, geography, economy and much more.

  • Events of National and International Importance
  • Geography impact in the country
  • Constitutional and governance structure
  • Issues faced by the country currently
  • Social and Economic Development
  • Research and development
  • Scientific development
Paper 2 (Civil Services Aptitude Test)
Total Marks: 200 & Duration: Two hours

In the CSAT paper, students have to score at least 33% to crack the exam. So, candidates have to practice mock tests to be able to score the minimum marks. However, the aptitude of the student determines the ability to solve complex problems, time management, and much more. Also, the important fields to practice for the Civil Services Exam (CSE) are as follows:

  • Logical Reasoning
  • The capacity of problem-solving
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Numerical Ability
  • Analytical Skills
  • Comprehension
  • Synonyms/antonyms
IAS Exam Pattern for Mains
  • UPSC CSE mains is an offline exam. There are a total of 9 papers in the Mains exam.
  • Every paper is of 3 hours and extra 30 minutes extra is given to blind students.
  • Paper 'A' and Paper 'B' are of 300 marks each and the remaining papers are of 250 marks each.
  • The mains exam is divided into 2 parts qualifying and being considered for merit. And it is compulsory to sit in for all the exams to go into the interview stage. Here, questions are subjective. And you can write in either Hindi or English language So, the candidate is get tested based on knowledge and understanding of the subject. You have to answer touching the basic and relevant aspects. You will also be marked upon whether you can provide valuable and constructive way forwards
Qualifying Papers
Paper Marks
Paper-A (Either of the Indian languages can be selected from the 8th schedule of the constitution. This paper is to test the candidate's knowledge of the language.) 300
Paper-B (This paper tests your knowledge of basic English paper.) 300
Papers To Be Counted For Merit
Paper Title Marks
Paper 1 Essay writing 250
Paper 2 General Studies–I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society) 250
Paper 3 General Studies –II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250
Paper 4 General Studies –III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250
Paper 5 General Studies –IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) 250
Paper 6 Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper 7 Optional Subject – Paper 2 250
- Sub Total in the written Test 1750
- Personal Interview 275
- Grand Total (For Merit Calculation) 2025
Mains Syllabus

The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study.
The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.

The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is broadly of the honors degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors’ degree and lower than the masters’ degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors’ degree.

Syllabi of the papers included in the scheme of Civil Services (Main) Examination are given as follows:—

Paper A (Indian Languages Paper)
  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Précis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.
  • Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.
Paper B (English Paper)
  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Précis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.
Paper 1 (Essay Writing)

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper 2 (General Studies-I)

General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle— its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian
  • sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
  • Industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
Paper 3 (General Studies-II)

General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and
  • Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
  • Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
Paper 4 (General Studies-III)

General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Paper 5 (General Studies-IV)

General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.

The following broad areas will be covered:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery,
  • Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.
Paper 6 & Paper 7 (General Studies-IV)

This will cover the optional subjects chosen by the candidates. Students can choose any subject from the following:

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages:
  • Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English

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